Old Parliament House: The late Mr Lee was Singapore’s longest-serving MP, having represented Tanjong Pagar for 60 years since Apr 2, 1955. He rose to speak in the chambers of the Old Parliament House on a wide range of issues, first as an Opposition Assemblyman and later as Prime Minister and Senior Minister.
City Hall and the Padang: On June 3, 1959, after sweeping the polls at the first General Elections in Singapore to be conducted with universal suffrage, the late Mr Lee and his colleagues held their victory rally at the Padang. He and his colleagues took their oath of office in the City Hall chamber two days later. It was on the steps of City Hall that Mr Lee read the Malaysian Proclamation on Sep 16, 1963; on Aug 9, 1965, it was also from his office in City Hall that he issued the Proclamation declaring Singapore’s independence. Singapore’s first National Day Parade was also held on Aug 9, 1966 at the Padang.
NTUC Centre and Trade Union House: Mr Lee’s entry into politics began with the unions. In May 1952, he successfully represented the Postal and Telecommunications Uniformed Staff Union in its salary negotiations with the colonial government. The original Trade Union House, now the Singapore Conference Hall and the home of the Singapore Chinese Orchestra, was opened by the late Mr Lee in October 1965, a fulfilment of a 1963 election pledge.
Singapore River: In a speech in February 1977, the late Mr Lee announced an ambitious goal: clean up the River and the Kallang Basin within ten years. With his pronouncement, a massive effort ensued. Riverside inhabitants were resettled and the waterways were
Marina Barrage: The Marina Barrage was a result of the late Mr Lee's vision in 1987 to create a freshwater reservoir by damming the mouth of the Marina Channel. This now forms Singapore’s 15th reservoir, and helps to alleviate flooding in the island’s low-lying areas.
Gardens by the Bay: The 101-hectare Gardens by the Bay is an illustration of Mr Lee’s lifelong drive to transform Singapore into a distinctive tropical garden city – a “First World oasis,” as he put it.
Port of Singapore: Mr Lee believed that the Port of Singapore was crucial to Singapore’s wider economy. As a young lawyer in the 1950s, he became the legal advisor to the Singapore Harbour Board Staff Association, striving to improve the welfare, wages and working conditions of the port workers. In the 1955 elections, he chose to contest in Tanjong Pagar because many port workers stayed there. Later, when he became Prime Minister, he built Housing and Development Board (HDB) flats close to the harbour so that the workers could walk to work.
HDB estates - Tanjong Pagar, Bukit Merah, Commonwealth and Queenstown: When Singapore gained self-government in 1959, the Government faced an acute housing shortage. Mr Lee and his colleagues, notably the late Mr Lim Kim San, embarked on a massive programme to house a nation. The home ownership rate in Singapore today stands at over 90 per cent.
Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau (CPIB): After the PAP took power in 1959, the late Mr Lee made it a priority to eradicate corruption from Singapore. Laws were tightened, with the CPIB given wider powers to investigate, arrest and search.
Singapore Polytechnic and National University of Singapore: Mr Lee and his colleagues built schools, overhauled the fragmented educational system inherited from the British, invested heavily in education and implemented robust policies that enabled Singaporeans to seize opportunities in the global economy. Among the late Mr Lee’s most enduring contributions to education are the twin tenets of meritocracy and bilingualism.