Monday, October 31, 2011

Screen addicts: Children spend more time in front of a computer or television every day than they spend exercising every week

By LIZ THOMAS

    Addicted: A study has found that youngsters are spending more than four and a half hours every day looking at TV or computer screens
    Addicted: A study has found that youngsters are spending more than four and a half hours every day looking at TV or computer screensChildren in Britain sit in front of a TV or computer screen for four-and-a-half hours a day, alarming research reveals.Youngsters now spend an average of one hour and 50 minutes online and two hours 40 minutes in front of the television every day.
    A report released by research firm ChildWise suggests that screens are increasingly turning into electronic babysitters and young people in the UK are spending more time plugged in than ever.

    It found that children spend more time in front of a screen in one day than they spend exercising in the entire week.
    The worrying research found that 97 per cent of 11 to 16-year-olds own a mobile phone – eight per cent more than the percentage of adults who own one.

    And it showed that young girls have a voracious appetite for celebrity magazines such as OK! and Heat rather than more traditional teenage fare such as Jackie.

    The study came as an academic warned that youngsters are using mobile phones to learn about each others’ bodies and access X-rated porn rather than learning about such matters ‘behind the bike sheds’.

    Dr Emma Bond, an expert in childhood and youth studies, said adults ‘need to take our heads out of the sand’ about what is happening to young, impressionable children.
    ‘The research shows how children are using mobile phones in obtaining sexual material, developing their sexual identities and in their intimate relationships with each other,’ she added.

    The Monitor Report 2010-11 found that children spent only two hours a week exercising in school, and taking part in physical activity out of school.

    Two in three children aged between five and 16, and 77 per cent of children aged 11 to 16, have their own television or personal computer and, despite fears about online safety, almost half have internet access in their own room. 

    2m under 13s now use Facebook, while the average child spends 1hr 48minutes online daily

    The study questioned almost 2,500 five to 16-year-olds about their computer, TV and reading habits. The findings show most go online daily and spend much of their time on social networks and video sharing sites such as YouTube.

    But despite the popularity of the internet, the next generation is still likely to be one of telly addicts.

    Around 63 per cent of children have a television set in their room but as the popularity of laptops increases and programmes are increasingly available online this is likely to drop.
    'Your mother found this mobile under your mattress'
    'Your mother found this mobile under your mattress'
    A spokesman for ChildWise said: ‘The number of children with a laptop or PC now matches those with a television but TV continues to play an important role. The way they are watching is continually changing. Children are seeking out programming that they want, when they want it. 

    ‘Children’s online activity is moving towards personal access for all, so that, in the not too distant future the disadvantaged child will be the one without a laptop of their own.’

    Despite Facebook supposedly being restricted to over-13s, more than two million children under that age now have a profile on the social networking site. It is named as their favourite website. 

    The research found a third of all seven to ten-year-olds visited Facebook in the last week, along with 71 per cent of 11 and 12-year-olds and 85 per cent of 13-16-year-olds.
    Even with the wide choice from digital and satellite channels and dedicated youth stations such as ITV2 and E4, BBC1 remains the most popular TV channel. 

    EastEnders and The Simpsons are among their favourite programmes, along with the crude Channel 4 comedy about school life The Inbetweeners. 

    Margaret Morrissey of lobby group Parents Outloud, said children could not be blamed for spending time on the computer or in front of the TV.

    On many housing estates gardens had been reduced to the size of a pocket handkerchief, she said. ‘We cannot complain as the generation in charge when they (children) use the things we have provided and don’t have space to do recreational things outdoors,’ she said.


    Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1352361/Children-spend-time-computers-TV-exercising-week.html#ixzz1cN5fR3QW

    Sunday, October 30, 2011

    Voigtländer MFT Lens


          

    Focal Length:

    25 mm
    Aperture Ratio:1:0.95
    Smallest Aperture:F 16
    Lens Construction:11 elements in 8 groups
    Picture Angle47,3°
    Aperture Blades10
    Nearest Distance:0.17 m
    Diameter58,4mm
    Lenght70 mm
    Weight410g (without lenshood)
    Filter Size52mm
    Colourblack
    MountMFT MicroFourThirds



    Saturday, October 29, 2011

    10 Steps To Happiness At Work



    To achieve greater happiness at work, you don't need your boss to stop calling you at night. You don't need to make more money. You don't need to follow your dream of being a sommelier, or running a B&B in Vermont. So says Srikumar Rao, the author of  Happiness at Work. The biggest obstacle to happiness is simply your belief that you're the prisoner of circumstance, powerless before the things that happen to you, he says. "We create our own experience," he adds. Here are 10 steps to happiness at work, drawn from his recommendations.

    Avoid "good" and "bad" labels

    When something bad happens, don't beat yourself up, says Rao. Instead, when you make an error, be aware of it without passing judgment. "Do what you have to do, but don't surrender your calmness and sense of peace."

    Practice "extreme resilience"

    Rao defines "extreme resilience" as the ability to recover fast from adversity. "You spend much time in needless, fruitless self-recrimination and blaming others," he writes. "You go on pointless guilt trips and make excuses that you know are fatuous. If you're resilient, you recover and go on to do great things." (He also says that if you fully take his advice to avoid "bad thing" labels, you don't have to practice resilience at all.)

    Let go of grudges

    Rao says that a key to being happy at work is to let go of grudges. "Consciously drop the past," he writes. "It's hard, but with practice you will get the hang of it."

    Don't waste time being jealous

    "When you're jealous you're saying that the universe is limited and there's not enough success in it for me," says Rao. "Instead, be happy, because whatever happened to him will happen to you in your current job or at another company."


    Find passion in you, not in your job

    Sure, you can fantasize about a dream job that pays you well and allows you to do some kind of social good, work with brilliant and likable colleagues and still be home in time for dinner. But Rao warns against searching for that perfect position, or even believing that it exists. Instead, he advocates changing how you think about your current situation. For example, instead of thinking of yourself as a human resources manager at a bank, identify yourself as someone who helps other bank employees provide for their families, take advantage of their benefits and save for the future.

    Picture yourself 10 years ago and 10 years from now

    "Most problems that kept you awake ten years ago have disappeared," says Rao. "Much of what troubles you today will also vanish. Realizing this truth will help you gain perspective."


    Banish the "if/then" model of happiness

    Rao says that many of us rely on a flawed "if/then" model for happiness. If we become CEO, then we'll be happy. If we make a six-figure salary, then we'll be happy. "There is nothing that you have to get, do or be in order to be happy," he writes.

    Invest in the process, not the outcome

    "Outcomes are totally beyond your control," Rao writes. You'll set yourself up for disappointment if you focus too much on what you hope to achieve rather than how you plan to get there.

    Think about other people

    Even in corporate America, where so much of work is every man for him or herself, Rao advocates inhabiting an "other-centered universe." If the nice guy gets passed over for a promotion, he may still succeed in less tangible ways. "He may rise later in the shootout," Rao says. "I'm challenging the assumption that you need to be a dog-eat-dog person to survive in a corporate environment."

    Swap multitasking for mindfulness

    Rao thinks that multitasking gets in the way of happiness. "Multitasking simply means that you do many things badly and take much more time at it," he writes. He recommends instead working on tasks for 20-minute intervals that you gradually increase to two-hour spans. Turn off any electronic gadgets that can be a distraction. He claims that with practice, you'll be able to accomplish much more and with less effort.






    Friday, October 28, 2011

    Three Tips for Navigating a Career Change


    Whether you’re starting your own business or joining a different industry, making a mid-career move can be a challenge. Consider these three tips when contemplating a shift in your career trajectory:


    • Prepare to feel scared and lonely. Career moves can often involve loss of stature and financial stability. Accept that difficult feelings are part of the process.


    • Settle for an uncharted path. Changing careers means leaving the well-trod path. You won’t know from the outset what comes next, but that’s what taking risks entails.


    • Use new metrics. Perhaps earlier in your career you used money or fame to measure your success. Maybe now you want more autonomy, flexibility, or to make a positive impact on the world.